Club

The chub is a comparatively more permanent social group. The members are brought together not by any momentary excitement, but by common sentiments and interests. For example, an interest in science or music may draw several individuals together and they form their own clubs. The members have a common purpose. Each one seeks to develop his own interest or talent, but at the same time there is a strong desire to enhance the status of the group. They are bound together by strong bonds. But they do not shed their individuality. There is on the contrary a manual sharing of ideas. The proceedings of this group are pre-planned and organised. There are membership rules and a code of conduct. This social group is more stable than a crowd, but it too can be dissolved easily. Inadequate leadership, lack of funds or other difficulties often force clubs to stop functioning.

Community

This is the most stable and permanent social group. It varies in size. It can be small neighbourhood community or a school community or it could be used to designate all the people owing allegiance to a particular creed or religion. Unlike the science or the music club, it does not concern itself with only one interest or talent. It has a comprehensive purpose. It is concerned with the full development of every individual member. All the constituent members have their own individual aims and philosophies. But according to teacher training everyone works for the common good and in so working, they endeavour to achieve complete self-realisation. The ‘we feeling’ is very strong in this group. The entire school rejoices when its football team wins a match. But gloom engulfs all if on student meets with a tragic end.

Sometimes, however, this ‘we feeling’ reaches fanatical heights. This is seen when a neighbourhood community passionately refuses to listen to any allegations, howsoever true, made by an outsider against one of its constituent members. In spite of this danger, it is noticed that suggestibility and imitation do not operate on as irrational a plane as they do in a crowd. In the community they are tempered by the strong individuality of each member. In conclusion, one may say that the community is a more complex but better organised social group than the crowd or the club.

Relationship between the individual and social group

According to Online NTT every individual is a member of several groups like the family group, religious group, school group, play or work group, club, etc. In each of these groups, the individual has a specific position. This position implies an expected type of behaviour, action and attitudes. The set of expectations is called a role. The role of the individual changes from group to group. Life in a group is not lived in isolation. The members interact and influence each other. They also depend on each other for the fulfilment of their needs. This implies acceptance of a few common norms. Thus, an individual is required to live not only for him but also for others. He can draw for the community but he must also contribute to its good.