Social Organization is the organization of society. Society is a web of social relationships. In this way, Social organization is a system of social relationships. They are composed into numerous small groups. In these, groups are individuals. The mutual relationship between individuals are controlled and regulated by institutions and associations. So, In this way, the social organization includes and comprehends the cultural institutions and their inter-relationships in addition to the unorganized activities of group.
Society is vast system. The organization of this system is the inter-relationship of its constituents. The constituents of society are institutions, associations and groups. Society can be described as organized only when all various function smooth and without friction and adequately perform their functions. In this way, Social organization, besides being a state, is not unlike an organism in which the different parts are so constructed as to coordinate and synchronies with each other in the performance of their respective functions. Society has some implicit and explicit objectives for the attainment of which its part work. Social organization is that system which maintains the activity, in its proper form. According to preschool teacher training online “ Social organization is the system by which the parts of society are related to each other and to the whole society in a meaningful way.”
FEATURE OF SOCIAL ORGANISATION
The features of social organization according to online teacher training can briefly be stated as follows:-
- Unanimity among the members of society:
In absence of the existence of unanimity among the members of the society, conflict will arise between them and social disorganization sets in. For Example, In ancient India the difference between that status of Brahmins, Kshatriyas, Vaishyas and Shudras was very great. The activities of these groups also differed and one undertaken by the Shudras were worse than those of the other caste. But later on, when the Bramins abuse their privileged position of the Shudras whose status deterioted further, the unanimity of opinion in favour of this system was destroyed and this resulted in the introduction of a note of chaos and disorder into Hindu Community.
- Promptness in accepting status and roles:-
Unanimity among members of the society can be maintained only so long as people are prompt and ready to accept their status and respective roles within the social organization. In society, one come across differences in the social status of different individuals who differ in respect of sex, age, income, Physical capabilities, skill and duties. The roles of individuals are determined on the basis of the social status. The promptness of people in accepting their own status and role is a feature of social organization.
- Control of society on a activities of the individuals :
The members of the society will be prompt in accepting their status and role only when society has control over them. Society exercises this control through the media of habits, customs, traditions, mores, rituals and institutions.
In this way, Unanimity among members, prompt acceptance of their respective roles and status on their parts and the control of society upon them are the features of the social organization.