India attained its freedom on 15th August 1947. This dawn of liberty brought on our shoulders a great responsibility to shape the future of our country according to our plans. For this, we need a vast army of leaders in all spheres of activity and all areas of human life. The continuous development of our country demands that generations and generations of capable and devoted persons should be coming up to shoulders the responsibilities of national development. Education is the only means to achieve this high ideal of national service. Hence, formulation of suitable aims of education and organisation of an efficient working system to achieve those aims is the foremost and prime need of the day. Thus keeping into consideration, the dominant needs of the country, the Government of India responded to this crying need of the nation by appointing the following commissions to formulate suitable aim of education-
- Aims of Education According to University commision1948
The University Commission recommended the following aims of education –
- To develop a sense of discrimination.
- To motivate for more and more knowledge.
- To know the real meaning of life.
- To provide vocational education.
- Aims of Education According to Secondary Education (Commission) (1952-53)
Considering the dominant needs of India, the Secondary Education Commission recommended the following aims of education –
- Development of democratic citizenship:
India is a secular, socialistic democratic republic. To make the democracy of our country successful, the first aim of education is to produce dynamic, resourceful and enterprising citizens. But citizenship is a challenging responsibility in democracy, because each individual in such set up has to form his independent judgement on all social, economic and political issues and also decided his own course of action. For this, each child should have a correct ideology, correct attitudes, and correct mode of behaviour. Thus to form a correct picture of life, education should develop in children a capacity of clear and correct thinking and receptivity to new ideas so that they are not misled by false propaganda or become slaves to outmoded customs, traditions and beliefs but are able to develop the intellectual ability to shift the right from wrong and also the strength of character to reject the improper and the unwholesome. Besides this scientific attitude towards life and the nation, children must possess the ability to express themselves in press or on platform so that they are able to make their influence felt on others.
- Training in the art of living efficiently:
According to Early Childhood Care and Education the second aim of education is to train children in the art of living efficiently. As a matter of fact, a child cannot live and develop alone. So far his wholesome development and the benefit of society, education should develop in him a spirit of accommodation, the necessary conditions of which are discipline, cooperation social sensitiveness and tolerance. With the development of these socially desirable qualities, he will be able to lead an efficient life with others in happy union and undertake plans of national reconstruction with the help of other fellow beings.
- Improvement of vocational efficiency:
The third aim of education is the improvement of vocational efficiency of every child. To achieve this aim, vocational training in necessary.