Narration is an intellectual activity; in teaching there are certain concepts, ideas or phenomenon which needs further clarification in a more detailed way. Knowledge of skill of narration is very important for a teacher so that he can narrate the ideas in a very systematic and meaningful manner. In subjects like history, literature, civics, economics and narrative geography, narration can be used as one of the most effective devices.
According to online courses for teachers, a teacher has to learn the skill, of narration in order to make the pupils understand clearly many ideas, concepts or principles which needs narration. A teacher who can narrate things well will go a long way in making his lesson effective.
A teacher is said to be narrating when he is describing ‘How, ‘why’ and sometimes ‘what’ of a concept, principle, phenomenon, event, action or Conditions. The skill of narration is defined as an art of bringing about an understanding someone about a concept, principle, idea or phenomenon .with the help of a set of interrelated statements. While narrating, causes for the phenomenon, reasons behind the action and various logical steps involved in arriving at inferences-are given in interrelated selected statements. Narration is essentially a verbal skill and has two aspects:
- Selection of appropriate statements according to the level of the pupils i.e., age, maturity, previous knowledge and content of the concept, principle or phenomenon.
- Interrelating and using the selected statements for the proper understanding of the concept, principle or phenomenon. Generally Correspondence Early Childhood Education have suggested three types of statements:
(iii) And the Reason giving (usually) meant for answering the questions of what, why and how of a concept, principle or phenomenon. A good narration is one which is understood by the pupils.
Like exposition and explanation narration is one of the most important devices for oral communicate ion of knowledge. In subjects like history, literature, civics and descriptive geography, narration can be used as one of the most effective devices. Narration means telling stories, giving accounts of events to others. In the words of Pantos “Narration is an art in itself which aims at presenting to the pupils through the medium ,of speech, clear, vivid, interesting, Ordered sequence of events way that their, minds reconstruct these happening and they live in imagination through the experiences recounted either; is spectators or possibly as participators.” A good narration makes a strong appeal to children’s interest. It should result in the desirable language habits among children.
Practical Suggestions for Teaching
Presenting a vivid picture: Narration should present a vivid picture of the subject. The teacher should make use of his imagination.
Interesting style: Narration should be presented in an interesting style. If the style is interesting, it catches the interests of the pupils and maintains their curiosity
Clear purpose: Purpose of narration or story telling should be clear in the minds of the students and teachers.
Simple language: Success in narration to a great extent depends upon the language used. Hence simple language should be used.
Adequate speed: The speed of narration must be appropriate. Every pupil should be able to understand all that is being said going too fast or too slow is not desirable.