Guidance services form an integral part of the total educational programme. There was a time “When guidance services in the sense we are using the term would have been regarded as an extension activity in school system”. It would have been considered quite extrinsic to and inappropriate for schools. However, comprehensive and appropriate appraisals by educators and by the members of the public have led to an acceptance of guidance services, not as something to be added from the outside, but as central and essential to the educative process.
Guidance services are central and integral part of the total educational programme. Guidance services have an identity of their own yet the boundaries between guidance and some aspects of teaching and administration are zones of interrelationship rather than sharp lines of delineation. Among other things, she/he contributes valuable information and helpful insights towards understanding student’s motivation and difficulties not only in achievement but also in adjustment.
There is also a zone of interrelationship between administration and guidance services. In general, it is the responsibility of administration to provide for guidance services-the authority for carrying out the programme may be delegated by the guidance counsellor. Guidance services help teachers and administrators. The former by direct participation and latter by providing for the services.
According to Montessori Course Education and guidance are closely related. In short, education involves guidance. All guidance is education, but some aspects of education are not guidance. The objectives of both may be the same viz., the development of the individual, but the methods used are different. The latest stress in the field of education is vocational at secondary level. Hence vocational education is essential.
Vocational education deals with the knowledge skills and attitudes that enable one to carry on successfully a socially useful occupation. Most jobs including most of the semi-skilled occupations will require preparation in terms of skills and technical knowledge for a successful entrance into that occupation. The job in the communication technology age will demand basic background and education in terms of certain specific skills.
There are growing opportunities for employment in service-clerical, technical and professional job areas. All of these jobs however require education, vocational, technical and professional. The utmost need in our educational system is for drastic changes in the curriculum and direction of our public education programme. Such changes represent the only solutions to the social and economic problems that we face today.
The main idea of Guidance is to develop the individual so that she/he no longer finds it necessary to seek guidance. Guidance makes the individual better adjusted to his/her environment and leads her/him to self-reliance and self-direction. A student who tries to seek help asks and may even implore the counsellor to tell him/her how to solve his/her difficulties, but appreciates it more when she/he is shown several alternatives procedures which she/he could adopt together with probable results of each.
According to Pre-Primary Teachers Training guidance looks towards the development in each individual’s potentialities. Although, maladjusted students receive more counsellor’s time but the basic principle of guidance is that it should not be available to the few but rather to many. It’ll be of great use to devote attention to normal and superior children also in an attempt to stimulate their intellectual growth.