Early Childhood Education educators and psychologist consider play as essential to the all-round development to the child. It affords a safer release of mental and physical energy. It relieves of mental tension. It facilitates and encourages sensory and perceptual experience. It is a great socialising force. It helps the child in keeping him emotionally stable, mentally alert, physically sound and socially adjusted.
Advantages of Play way activities by teacher training institute:
- Physical Development:
The child develops his/her body through paly. It provides ample opportunities for the movement of various parts of the body which helps in his muscular development. Blood circulates more freely in play which helps in the elimination of waste matter. It also enables the child to keep physically fit and fight disease.
- Intellectual development:
Learning is more effective when children are curious to learn. Playway provides many occasions of learning.
- Social Development:
Play provides scope for expression for the herd instinct and for the instinct of pugnacity and gives a chance for the sublimitation of those instincts. The students have a chance to live and work with others in play. They learn to co-operate, to take the lead and to follow.
- Emotional development:
Play helps in stabilising the emotions of children. They are given outlets. They are able to overcome shyness, moodiness, timidity and sensitiveness.
- Educational development:
Playway has educative value due to the following:
- It is great motivating force. Its activities are based on the natural urges of the children. They put their heart and soul into work.
- It kills drudgery and boredom. The students willingly undertake to do a piece of work.
- Doing and practice occupy the first place and telling the second and less important place.
- It is based on the laws of learning and it provides a great incentive to original creative work.
- It provides opportunities for the sublimitation of various instincts of children.
- It assures maximum freedom for the child with the result that he develops originality, power of reasoning, imagination and insight.
Different Types of Play:
Play can be divided into the following six categories:
- Outdoor Play:
It includes running, jumping, galloping, climbing, hooping or even rolling on the grass. It includes outdoor games. In fact outdoor play includes all types of play. It denotes the place where play is carried out.
- Imaginative play:
Old cloths, hats, shoes hand bags, household equipment like cooking utensils and cutlery are most suitable and are a great boost to a child’s imagination. Imaginative play is of great value to the child in controlling his intense emotions.
- Domestic Play:
A child likes to do tasks that the grown-ups do. In this type of play, children enjoy acting out home situations and being fathers and mothers. In this kind of play a doll corner is a must. Materials for setting up of the shops, clinic, post office etc., may be provided.
- Constructive play:
This type of play requires building materials such as empty boxes of different sizes and textures, plants, wheels wooden blocks of various sizes etc.
- Natural materials play:
Natural materials such as sand, water and dough are a real necessity to the developing child especially in developing the sense of touch.