An important part of the curriculum consists of experiences with language as well as communication with others. The preschool teacher needs to talk with children and to give them opportunity to talk with her about their experiences. Children from culturally disadvantaged homes seem to be handicapped in school to a great extent because of their lack of language. In every preschool whose children are lacking verbal experiences there should be a rich variety and a number of experiences with language. Singing, play with words, poetry and telling and reading stories are part of language experience that could be provided in a preschool.
Aims by Teacher Training Course
Literature is a major integrating experience in the elementary school language program. It also has value of its own because it provides new perspectives through various experiences, develops insight into human behavior and wisdom and provides beauty and inspiration. A good literature program encourages the development of knowledge about our literary heritage, establishes skills of literary analysis, fosters language skills, enriches content of the curriculum and stimulates creative activities. The major goal is to promote the experiencing and enjoyment of literature as a means of developing children’s taste for reading and lifetime appreciation of fine reading materials.
Literature comes in many forms such as poetry, drama, fiction and nonfiction. A good literature program will help children to become acquainted with the best of all forms of literature. Literature has the power to deepen and enrich the real and imaginative life of the child. If opens the door for knowledge and widens horizon to the outside world.
Books can be friends and companions and create an awareness of fun and enjoyment besides being a source of information, joy to meet a child at his own level in literature and then help him explore and become acquainted with other kinds, so that he may find move towards the best. The reading of any story what so ever to a child meets one of his basic needs for security. The preschooler should feel secure in his relationships to each member of his family.
Several stories show a young child taking on a real responsibility that is important in the adult world. The children identify with the character and think of themselves as similarly able to contribute to activities important in the community. Vicariously they enjoy thinking of being responsible and of being admired, not only for themselves, but also for what they can do.
A basic need of preschool children is to have a feeling of belonging to the preschool group as well as to the family. How their needs for security within the family is met, are interpreted for them through many picture books, some books interpret for family relationships within their preschool group.
Components of a Literature Program by Montessori training
Many different procedures and activities are used to encourage children to be knowledgeable about and delighted by literature. Background and knowledge for the teacher or pre-requisite to develop a good literature program for young children includes:
- Acquiring a repertoire of stories and poems that brings you pleasure.
- Knowing the books available in your library that meet the interest and reading levels of your children.
- Knowing the interest and reading levels of the children that you teach.
- Establishing “reading-is-fun” environment
- Using some form of literature in your lesson plan every day.
- Helping children understand the background of the literature they are reading and
- Providing time for free discussions on what you have read and what they read.