Areas of Educational Administration

Legal Structure refers to the laws that have to be passed and rules and regulations that have to be framed in order to determine the agencies of education, their types, powers and standards of educational institutions to be run by them, to prescribe authority and control, to fix up responsibility and obligations, to decide the question of decentralisation of management and to set up organisational and administrative machinery.

Pupils: According to Early Childhood Education children are the centre of the educational enterprise; it is for them that the entire process of education and its constituents exist. It is, therefore, necessary to determine the individual and social purposes and procedures of their education in accordance with their needs, interests and capacities and the demands of society. Rules for their admission, promotion, discipline, etc., have to be framed and implemented.

Personnel: To run educational activities necessary and adequate man-power has to he found and engaged, Personnel play the key-role in education. This is the fly-wheel or the driving force of the educational machinery. Proper attention has to be paid to the workers. Men and women have to be selected, recruited and trained and their qualifications and standards have to be prescribed. Good service conditions, attractive salaries, security of tenure, welfare service and retirement benefits have to be offered to bring in the best available talent. Schemes for their direction, guidance and supervision have to be drawn up. Last but not least, a good and effective programme for the worker, continuous development and professional progress through reorientation and in-service education has to be launched.

Finance is an important area which includes problems of income and expenditure and their accounting and auditing. Decisions have to be taken about the sharing of the cost of education among the centre and the States and the Local Bodies. The policy of taxation and prescribing fees, etc., has to be formulated. Rules and regulations have to be framed for budgeting, spending and controlling of funds and resources.

Curriculum is the means of achieving the goals of education. Educational administration has to deal with the problem of curriculum construction and its day to day development. It has also to look after the continuous evaluation and progressive improvement of the educational programme which are urgently called for in view of the constantly going on scientific, technological and social changes. Administration has also to pay close attention to the teaching-learning programme and process and to matters of preparation, selection and supply of text-books and other instructional material. Important pupil services, such as health and recreation and psychological services of testing and records, guidance and counselling and co-curricular activities, etc., have to be organised and administered for the benefit of the young.

Physical Facilities comprise the area dealing with the problem of provision and maintenance of the school plant equipment and supplies, etc., their production, purchase, upkeep and accounting.

Public Relations: Education is a social enterprise run with the cooperation of students, teachers, parents and the community. This involves maintenance of records, issuing periodical reports, information and bulletins about past achievement and future proposals. Montessori Training feels that administration should encourage community visitation and secure its participation and cooperation by a process of give and take, i.e. by utilising community resources and rendering useful services for its welfare.