Individualized Education Programme (IEP)

Individualized Education Programme refers to a carefully designed systematically implemented & objectively evaluated programme to meet the special education needs of an individual child. Individualized Education Programme is a complex process. It is not the responsibility of any single person it is a group work. The success of inclusion depends upon a number of persons who are concerned with the welfare of the child with special needs.

The concept of Emotional Intelligence is to be appended not because it is totally new but because it captures the essence of what our children or all of us need to know for being productive & happy.

I.Q. and even Standard Achievement Tests (SAT) scores do not predict any person’s success in life. Even success in academics can be predicted more by emotional and social measures than by academic ability.

In working situations too, Emotional Intelligence helps more than one’s intellectual potential in terms of one’s I.Q. or even professional skills and competencies. A professionally competent person having poor Emotional Intelligence may suffer on account of his inability to deal with his self or getting along properly with others.

For the Individualized education plan certain steps have to be followed to provide the child with disabilities better learning experience which would cater to the needs of special or disabled children.

The steps are as follow:-

1) Referral: – It indicates or means to refer to child for the programme. Understanding the problem of the child & accordingly referring the child to the kind of teaching learning process to be adopted.

2) Assessment: – It is an important step because it gives an idea of the extent of medical problem that concerns the child. There are 3 types of assessment;

(i) Medical defects & diseases: – The diseases or disorders can be a major reason for hampering the academic growth of the child.

(ii) Psychological, adaptive level, attitudes, needs & interests: – On the basis of the mentioned factors the assessment of the child has to be done to track an appropriate program for the child.

(iii) Educational academic level, learning styles: – Based on this the teaching technique needs to analyses.

3) Programme planning: –The training programme based on the needs, abilities & the aim to be achieved has to be designed for every individual child.

4) Implementation:-The planned programme then needs to be implemented to train the child. Various methods & techniques of teaching needs to be adopted to make the learning experience interesting for the child.

5) Evaluation: – After the implementation comes the evaluation phase where the content and skill that was taught to the child has to be done on the performance regarding the factors or points which have not been achieved properly by the child.

6) Completion: – With this step the child is to be helped to master the content & overcome the difficulties that were been faced by the child during evaluation.

Thus by following the given steps as suggested by Early Childhood Education the IEP which is meant to cater to the needs of special or disabled children can be met with, properly, & easily.