Duties of a Teacher
Ordinarily people think that the only duty of a teacher is to give lessons in the class room. This is not correct, particularly in the modern age. Now-a-days, the main aim of schools and teachers is to develop a child by teaching them the prescribed courses and also by teaching them many other things out of class room. Many social, cultural and academic functions and programmes are organized with a view to developing the children. A teacher has therefore, to take part and manage these things successfully.
Early Childhood Education suggests the following duties which a teacher has to perform:
- Teaching Work: Teaching is the main work of a teacher. He has first to prepare the lessons which he proposes to teach. A teacher should leach in such a way that the students should learn it well. For teaching work, a teacher should do the following:
- The teacher should plan the lessons which he will teach. For this, he can prepare and plan the lessons or topics to be taught for at least a week or a month.
- The teacher should thoroughly prepare the lesson which he has to teach. He should do so at least one day before teaching.
- The teacher should determine beforehand as to how he will teach in the class. He should also collect all the material relating to the lesson which he is going to teach so that he can tell it to his students.
- Research and Experimental Work: It is also the duty of the teacher to know about the new researches and experiments made in the techniques of teaching and use them in practice. If possible, he should himself conduct such researches and experiments. He should also express his views and experiences regarding the curriculum, prescribed books, examinations, discipline, etc. If the teacher conducts research and experiments or if he knows and follows the researches and experiments conducted by others, he can be a good teacher.
- Maintenance of Discipline: The teacher has also to maintain discipline in the class room as well as outside it. For doing so, it is absolutely necessary that a teacher should be well disciplined and he should follow the rules which are necessary for maintaining discipline. For maintaining discipline, the teacher should neither be too harsh or cruel or too kind and polite to the students.
- Co-operation among Teachers: According to Teacher Training Courses for successful running of a school and developing the children, it is necessary that the teachers should have co-operation among themselves. They should treat them as members of the same family. They should not quarrel with each other or try to harm others. By co-operation, a school can rise and by non-co-operation, a school cannot make any progress. If there is no co-operation among the teachers of a school, good teaching cannot be possible and the parents will not send their wards to such a school. For teaching and learning, it is necessary that there should be co-operation among teachers. It is the duty of every teacher to co-operate with other teachers.