An interview is a conversation with a purpose. There are different kinds of interviews. Interview situation should offer a good listening by one who has greater experiences and training. According to Early Childhood Care and Education the counsellor should feel the need of interview and counselling’s. They are as follows:
- An Employment Interview: Its purpose is to assess the fitness of a person for the job. The interviewer talks too much and the interviewee too little. He simply answers the questions asked.
- A fact finding Interview: The purpose of this interview is the verification of facts and data collection from other sources.
- Diagnostic Interview: The purpose of a diagnostic interview is remediation. An effort is made by the interviewer to diagnose the problem of the interviewee and find out symptoms.
- Counselling Interview: The purpose of a counselling interview is to provide an insight, a suggestion, or a piece of advice to the interviewer. The counselling begins with the work of collecting information and proceeds with guidance and finally ends with psychological treatment of the problem.
- Group vs. Individual Interviews: When several persons are interviewed in group such an interview is called group interview, but basically all group interviews are individual interviews because it is not the group that is interviewee. The purpose behind group interview is collecting information and the knowledge of common problems facing the wound up. In the individual interview the emphasis lies on the problem faced by the individual.
- Authoritarian Vs. Non-authoritarian Interview: In the authoritarian type of interview the client and his problems are submerged and the interviewer dominates the interview because of the elevated position that he holds. The non-authoritarian rejects the authoritarian role. The interview may still regard the interviewer as a man of authority, but the interviewer does not act as an authoritarian. He accepts the feelings of the clients and does not reject them. He during uses a variety of techniques rings the interview such as suggestion, persuasion, advice, reassurance, interpretation and giving information.
- Directive Vs. Non-directive Interview: In the directive interview, the interviewer directs, shows the path through advice, suggestion, persuasion or threat. But in a non-directive interview it is assumed that the interviewee has the capacity to grow and develop. He has complete freedom to express his feelings and emotions. The interviewer does not try to probe into the past of the clients makes no suggestion. He does not try to re-educate or change the climate.
- Structured vs. Unstructured Interviews: In the structured interview, a definite set of questions is predetermined. The interviewer confines himself to only those points which he decides to discuss in the interview. In a structured interview definite questions are asked.
In an unstructured interview there is no such restriction. The interviewer is free to give expression to his ideas. The subject to be discussed is not determined in advance- The unstructured interview sometimes provides information which on the face of it, may appear to be trivial, but is extremely useful when an interpretation is made.