Each individual perceives this situation in his own manner and reacts to it on the basis of his experiences, imaginations and original thoughts. On account of these qualities, man creates new horizons and sets new standards. Creativity actually involves something newer at least rare and useful and is so complex and multidimensional that each thinker considers in different dimensions.
What Is Creativity?
Early Childhood Care and Education explained divergent thinking as the ability to go beyond the immediate solution, to redefine the problem or some part of it, to cope with ideas that are unusual and to change or having new approach to the problem.
Montessori Teacher Courses defined “creativity as a process extended in time and characterized by originality, adaptive-ness and realization.
Pre Primary Teachers Training Course points out that “the creative person is characterized by spontaneity, flexibility, adaptability, fluency and originality.
Components of Creativity
The components of creative thinking have the following characteristics:
- Resistance to the ordinary
There should be sensitivity for memories and associations inventive thought. This sensitivity should be combined with keen observations of (1) arrangement (2) combinations (3) interchange of factors (4) results (5) substitutions.
Creative Activities in Pre-School
Creativity is considered to be solely in the province of the fine arts; instead recent findings in creativity indicate that many aspects of the school programme can be learned more effectively in creative ways, through creative activities.
Values of Creative Activities
Creative activities are considered an important part of the pre-school programme. Most of the children enjoy art activities, but there are also other reasons for including them. Art for the young child is a means of self-expression in visual form. The child uses art to expresses what he does, sees, feels, thinks and talks about. Experiences in art provide him with opportunities to explore and experiment, to express ideas and feelings about himself and the world around him. They strengthen the child’s ability to imagine and to observe, and increase his sensitiveness to himself and to others.
Through art materials the child can express feelings that are otherwise unacceptable and can learn to handle such feelings in an acceptable manner. Since the young child’s speech is limited, it can be often express its strong feelings through art experiences which involve psychomotor activity. Materials such as clay for pounding, paper for tearing and nails for hammering offer opportunities for handling negative feelings through positive action.
Intellectual growth takes place through art experiences as the child invent new ways of using materials and refines methods he has previously used. As children participate in self-chosen activities and form groups easily from common interest. They learn to share materials, tools, and ideas to make decisions and to experience the give and take of group living. They learn to respect the rights, property, opinion and feelings of others. As individuals interact with each other, group leadership qualities develop and children become aware of the importance of co-operation and self-control. Those values derived when children are free to choose materials and use them in their own way.