Nature of Thinking Process

 According to James P. Chaplin and T. C. Krawice Thinking is closely allied to the process of learning in as much as our chief tools of thought — concepts are learned. Moreover, a great deal of our thinking is based on memories, recollections and memory images. Indeed much of what is called thinking is actually remembering, According to James Dreyer thinking is any course of trains of ideas, in the narrower and stricter sense, a course of ideas initiated by a problem. Woodworth and Marquis mention of ideational activity in connection with thinking. According to Preschool Teacher Training ideation is mental activity which does not depend directly upon sensory and motor contact with the present environment.

Nature of thinking: Thinking is a mental activity. Thinking is a conscious effort. Thinking is only a cognitive and ideational activity. Cognition, perception, perceptual activities imagination or imaginative activities and conceptual or concepts are includes in thinking.

Characteristics of thinking:following characteristics are perceived in the process of thinking. (1) Presence of problem. (2) Thinking is conative in character (3) It is an adjustment to a hypothetical situation. (4) There is the coherence of items. (5) There is internal speech in it. (6) There is use of trial and error method in it.

Factors of thinking: In thinking the following factors are there (1) Image (2) Concept (3) Language. Types of thinking: (1) Perceptual thinking (2) Imaginative thinking (3) Conceptual thinking (4) Logical thinking. As a teacher one can provide healthy conditions at home and in school. This would enable the children to express themselves and contribute something new for the society. Teacher can encourage children to respond in his own way. He would be allowed to say what he likes to say. If there is a problem in the class let every child respond in his own way. Everyone has a self-ego which he wants to be recognized by others. Some of the ideas suggested by Nursery Teacher Training to satisfy this ego are mentioned below:

Encourage original ideas: If a child has got some original ideas about a particular aspect of life we should encourage them. Constant submission to fact suppresses the originality of the child.

Provide suitable atmosphere: The provision of sympathy, liberty and the proper co-curricular activities should be made.

Developing social habits: Children require special habits to be creative. These habits are hard work, persistent efforts, self reliance and self-confidence. We should encourage the children to develop the habits. Everyone has a self-ego which he wants to be recognized by others. So as a teacher we should find opportunities to satisfy this ego.

Encourage original ideas: If a child has got some original ideas about a particular aspect of life we should encourage them Constant submission to fact suppresses the originality of the child.

Provide suitable atmosphere: The provision of sympathy, liberty and the proper co-curricular activities should be made. Developing social habits: Children require special habits to be creative. These habits are hard work, persistent efforts, self reliance and self-confidence. We should encourage the children to develop the habits.