Concept of Mental Health Fostering Mental Health at Home and School
Mental health can and should be a lived experience for teachers and pupils. The teacher’s part is greater in mental health education than in physical health education because some of the mental health problems are caused by school situations and others are aggravated by school conditions. They can help to establish a therapeutic environment for children who have problems of living. There are many who fail to realize the best of their potential, who find it impossible to be happy and who suffer from minor mental and psychosomatic disturbances. According to Montessori Training mental health may be defined as the adjustment of the individuals to themselves and the world at large with a maximum of effectiveness, satisfaction, cheerfulness and socially considerable behaviour and the ability of facing and accepting the realities of life, with minimum friction and tension.
The mentally healthy student accepts himself with his strong points and his shortcomings; he makes the best use of what he has and he does not allow his personal weaknesses to interfere with his daily activities and his pursuit of long-range goals. The emotionally healthy student reaches a balance between his instincts and his conscience, coupled with the demands of his environment. Mental health is a state of mind. To be frank and honest with oneself and others is the first principle of mental hygiene. The goals of mental hygiene are the attainment of a fuller, happier, harmonious and more effective existence. According to Teacher Training Mumbai mental hygiene is a science that deals with human welfare and pervades all fields of human relationship. Preservation of mental health and prevention of mental disorders and their cure are the goals of mental hygiene.
Teachers can domuch to reveal the way of life that will make it possible for individuals to grow towards social, intellectual and emotional maturity. They can do it by or mental hygiene. They can do it by-putting a positive emphasis on the mental health that many already enjoy retarding further deterioration after the first symptoms of ill health have been observed and helping to mend those who have already been to run by circumstances. Mental ill-health Carl Jung says that it is probable that one form of neurosis is conditioned by the predominance of restrained emotions and another by the predominance of secrets. It is beholding all that is dark, imperfect, stupid and guilty in one. We keep them private to protect ourselves. The hysterical behaviours are emotionally expressive behaviours but possessive of secrets. Every personal secret has the effect of a sin or of guilt whether or not it is from the stand point of popular morality, a wrongful secret. We must never forget that the crooked paths of neurosis lead to many obstinate habits. Despite any amount of understanding these don’t disappear until they are replaced by other habits. But habits are only won by exercise, and appropriate education is the sole means to this end.