Merits of Part-Method
- It is very easy for a child to learn a small part at once because it requires less time and effort.
- Immediate success gives encouragement to the child and adds to his satisfaction.Now he feels pleasure in attempting the other parts and embracing the sure success.
Merits of Part-Method
- A thing taken in parts is not quite meaningful part by part.
- It is very difficult for the child to combine the parts into a single unit as he cannot associate the end of one part with the beginning of the next part. Many experiments have been conducted in this connection. Suggestions given by Early Childhood Education are given below:
- If the material to be learnt is short, it should be learnt by the whole method.
- If the material to be learnt is long, it should be learnt by mixed method, i.e., first by parts and then by whole.
Spaced Learning: For effective learning many repetitions of the matter are required. It is very difficult to memorize a piece of prose or poetry with a single reading. Now the question arises whether many repetitions done at the same time are beneficial for memorization or the same number of repetitions spread over many days at the rate of one or two readings every day. Experiments have been performed in connection with this. The results show that spaced learning is more effective.
Incentives for Learning: If some kind of reward or praise is expected by the children, the process of learning is intensely motivated, According to Thorndike’s laws of learning all such activities which are accompanied by a feeling times of to Thomdike’s laws of learning, all such activities which are accompanied by a feeling of satisfaction tend to root it out. The teaching should connect something causing dissatisfaction with those situations which he does not like for the children to learn.
Mental rest after memory work: The engrams formed during the process of learning need some time of rest for synthesis and organisation in the mental structure. Therefore, children must be allowed some time for mental rest just after memory work
Learning by doing: According to Teaching Courses in Mumbai, basic education follows this ‘learning by doing’method.In learning by doing the whole body and the whole mind combine to learn something. All the senses are active in this case and all the methods of learning come into activity. Therefore, it produces more permanent effects than passive learning can.
Vividness of the material to be learnt: The material to be learnt should be illustrated it produces intensity of exercise which results in more effective impressions. Audio-visual aids are valuable on account of this fact.
Mental tests: During the process of learning the results of learning should be tested by the individual himself many times to discover where he is still failing. After making some repetitions of the matter to be learnt, the book should be closed and the learner should try to repeat the same fines mentally without the help of the book. Such mental testing makes fixation more effective-and helps the learner to discover the points of weakness.