An anecdotal record is the result of observation the use behaviour of the student in a particular situation. It understands of student because the teacher may forget down to observe?
What to observe?
A pre-Performa is supplied to each teacher to note down student observation. It contains date, place, incident and remarks on the Performa supplied. Directions to the teachers are given indicating that they have to record child’s behaviour, clearly to make their statements descriptive and specific to avoid vague/general remarks.
Area to be noted down by Montessori Course: A mere haphazardly notice down of bits of information serves no purpose. Hence, in the Performa supplied, area are clearly marked, on which observation are to be made. An anecdotal record is a record with a purpose.
Longitudinal Approach: Only those anecdotal records are of any help to the guidance worker, in which behaviours of an individual are described over a long period of time. Longitudinal anecdotal record file should not contain irrelevant material. The life should be scrutinised from time-to-time and irrelevant material maybe removed. Anecdotal records pertaining to all aspects of life should be maintained.
A few basic considerations given by Teacher Training Programs are to be kept in mind are as follows:
(a) The form should be short and informal.
(b) Report should be of some significant episodes. The episode described should show a marked tendency from the norm of the individual or the group.
(c) The anecdotes should be written about all students and not just about the model or the problematic ones i.e. stereotypes.
(d) The anecdotes should be the report of actual observations and written just after the events.
(e) A single incident is of the value.
(f) Bias should not enter. Both positive and negative incidents of behaviour should be noted down.
(g) We should know what to look for, where to look for and how to recognise.
Use of Anecdotal Records
(a) Anecdotal records are of special value in indicating social and emotional situation.
(b)A healthy teacher-pupil relationship is established when teachers are asked by the school organisation to write down anecdotal reports.
(c) Systematically kept anecdotal records provide exceedingly valuable information of the counsellor.
(d) Anecdotal records are very useful in fields where formal measurement is very difficult. Such means are very useful, for example, in judging sociability, social alertness, social behaviour, attitudes, acceptance of personal responsibility and work habits.
(e) Anecdotal records supply useful information about the individual, his personality characteristics, his reactions to different situations, his interest in studies, in vocations and in other human beings.
Many students fail to show through their responses to interest inventories strong likes and dislikes or clearly defined preferences. Vocational choice or success cannot be predicted on the basis of even clearly defined patterns shown by the inventories alone. Ability, training and opportunity for training all need to be considered. Interest, test results cannot be over-emphasised. A rating scale is a selected list of words, phrase, sentences, paragraphs, following which an observer records a value of rating based on some objective scale of values.