Tools and Techniques of Evaluation

 A good evaluation programme depends upon the appropriate and accurate evidence that we get about pupil’s growth. This is possible through the use of various types of quality instruments of evaluation. There are a number of tools and techniques which can be employed for evaluation.

An evaluation tool is an implement or an instrument or any device which facilitates evaluation work. An evaluation tool may be a question paper, a unit test, or an oral test. An evaluation technique is a process of gathering information or evidence in which one or more than one evaluation tools may be used. For example examination is a technique in which a question paper is used as a tool for collecting information.

As a science teacher you are to learn some skills of constructing a good question paper. According to Early Childhood Care and Education, as a paper setter you should note the following points in order to frame a good question paper.

  1. The question paper should cover as far as possible the whole range of topics mentioned in the prescribed syllabus. The coverage should not only be comprehensive but also well-balanced by spreading the questions on all significant topics and sub-topics prescribed for study.
  2. No question or part of questions should be set which is outside the syllabus.
  3. About half of the questions should be set to test higher abilities such as comprehension, application of knowledge and development of skills. For this purpose the question should be set in the context of a new situation rather than to give a routine or stereo – type answer.
  4. Wherever possible, the maximum length of the expected answer should be prescribed. Some stock terms like “ write short notes on…” or “ what do you know about….” Do not provide clear direction to the students regarding the scope and length of the answer and should therefore be avoided.
  5. The language of the questions should be simple and within the easy grasp of the students of the particular stage. It should also be clear-cut and specific in regard to what is required of the student. The wording of a question or any part of it must not admit of more than one possible answer.

Steps in Tests Construction by Online Teacher Training:

  1. Designing of the test:

The test should be designed in accordance with the purpose of the test.

  1. Blue printing the test:

A blueprint should be prepared on the basis of the design of the test. This also depicts the type of questions to be used with reference to each content unit.

  1. Framing questions:

The blueprint is the guide for framing questions. It involves the technical competence of the teacher to frame questions along with the marks, pertaining to different sub units of the content area selected to test various objectives as indicated in the design of the test.

  1. Assembling the questions:

Questions so formed should be group together according to the form used.

  1. Preparing instructions:

Instruction which go as a part of the test are meant for directing the students to attempt the questions in a particular manner besides indicating some restrictions, scoring methods etc.