Questioning is one of the important strategies of teaching. The success of teaching to a great extent depends upon the skill or art with which we put questions. According to Thing, “Teaching means skilful questioning to force the mind to see, to arrange, to act.” Parker says, “Questioning is the key to all educative activity.” In the words of Colvin, “No teacher of elementary or secondary subjects can succeed in his instruction that has not a fair mastery of the art of questioning.”
While narrating a story or incident, questions should not be asked in between. However, questions may be asked in the end. If paragraph is being read, questions should not be asked till it is finished.
Purposes or Functions of Questioning Strategy by Early Childhood Online Courses
To test knowledge: Questions are asked in order to test the previous knowledge of students i.e., to find out what the students already know.
To locate difficulties: Questions can be used for locating difficulties so that these may be resolved.
To arouse motivation: Questions are asked in order to arouse motivation in the students. They aim at stimulating curiosity, focussing attention and awakening interests of the students.
To secure active participation of student: questions are asked in order to secure co-operation and active participation of students. If the teacher asks questions, the students are compelled to attend to what is being said and are forced to remember it also.
To apply knowledge: Another purpose of asking questions is to allow the pupils to apply their knowledge. In answering questions, the pupil has to make use of the information he has acquired and this helps him in retaining it.
To recapitulate: Questions are also asked in order to recapitulate the lesson learnt and to fix it securely and clearly in the minds of the pupils.
To promote thinking and originality: Sometimes the questions are deliberately framed in such a way that their answers cannot be found directly in teacher’s lecture or in any textbook. Such Questions encourage independent thinking and originality of ideas.
To increase self-confidence: When the students answer questions successfully, they feel that they have understood and learnt the lesson. This they gain self-confidence.
To maintain discipline: Oral questions have a disciplinary value in class in keeping up attention and preventing misbehaviour. A student who appears to be inattentive or creates mischief can be questioned.
To promote intellectual and social development: Questions are use for maintaining and creating intellectual atmosphere in the class. Asking questions can be a means of intellectual and social development of the child. Asking questions increases mutual contact of the pupils and thus helps in their development.
Classification of Questioning by Montessori course distance learning:
Natural Questions: Natural questions are those which the questioner asks spontaneously. He does not know the information about which he asks or enquires. He wants to know the information. Children’s spontaneous questions are of this type.
Formal questions: Formal questions are those where the questioner knows the answer of the questions. Teacher’s questions belong to this category. They are usually asked by the teacher to stimulate some type of response on the part of the pupil.