Attention is a selective act of mind. To attend to a thing is to concentrate on it by removing attention. From other things. The mind can attend to one thing at a time. Hence, mind has to select. In the selection, it is natural that the mind should select such objects in which it is interested. This is amply demonstrated in our daily life. The boy whose interest is in playing will attend to play while one who is interested in studying will attend to study. Hence, one cannot attend to the studies by forcibly sitting for it. One can attend to the studies only when one is interested.
Attracting Attention of students in the school
Teacher Training Educational psychologists apply the conclusions and results of psychological experiments in interest to the field of education. The following factors are of importance, in this connection:-
- Role of instinct:
In children interest is generated by instinct. Hence, much benefit can be derived in formal education if the subject being taught is connected to some instinct that can be stimulated by the teaching of it. At the same time, it should be remembered that if the subject, during its being taught, gives rise to some negative or destructive instinct, the child evinces no interest in the subject, even upon having learned it.
- Levels of development:
Students give expression to different interest at different levels of development. For example, a child shows interest in games in his childhood, while during his adolescence he evinces keen interest in individuals of the other sex. The knowledgeable teacher can derive the best advantage from the child’s periodical and temporary interest, according to his level of development and cause it for developing and improving that child’s performance in many subjects.
- Neither too easy nor difficult:
The subject in respect of which one wishes to arouse the interest of the student, should neither be too easy nor too difficult. It is very difficult, it will cause the student to lose the interest since he will not be able to grasp it. If on the other hand, it is too easy, the student will not develop interest for it as it will not call for any effort.
- Aims of the subject:
The student should be made aware of the aim and object of the subject in which the teacher is trying to interest him, since he will not take interest in it if he is not aware of its aim. And for this, it is desirable to arouse the curiosity of the student in the subject before actually introducing him to it and acquainting him with its aims and objects.
- Abilities of the teacher by Nursery Teachers Training:
In this manner, the extent to which a teacher can create interest in study depends upon his personal abilities. If the teacher, himself takes no interest, his teaching shows signs of exhaustion and lack of enthusiasm, one can hardly expect the students to do much better.
- Role of educand:
But this does not imply that whatever interest can be created in a subject depends exclusively upon the method of teaching and the educand has no part in it. While, on the one hand, much depends upon the method of teaching in creating a interest in a subject.