Essentials of an Effective Counsellor: A counsellor is a person who provides counsel to a—other person who is usually in some position of need or requires help. As a verb, the word counsel can mean: “to give guidance” or “to give advice”. Most counsellors realize their role is less about giving advice, as advice tends to be ignored, and more about providing guidance. A counsellor helps those they are counselling come to their own conclusions about any problems or issues they maybe facing, and then may provide suggestions or methods for helping the person with their issues. It provides a method and approach of analyzing and understanding interpersonal behaviour.
Essentials of an Effective Counsellor: There have been many attempts at identification of the characteristics of an effective counsellor.
General Characteristics: Teacher Training Programme has listed such characteristics as interest in people, patience, sensitiveness, stability and objectivity as important. Harmin and Paulson (1950) listed understanding sympathetic attitude, friendliness sense of humor, stability, patience, objectivity, since,* fairness, tolerance, neatness, calmness, broad mindedness, kindness, pleasantness, social intelligence and poise. According the Early Childhood Education, personal maternity is the most important desirable characteristics to be an effective counsellor. Association for counselling, education and supervision holds that there are six basic qualifies viz. belief in each individual, commitment to individual human values, alertness to the world, open mindedness understanding of self and professional commitment. Variables like age, sex, experience etc. also to a certain extent are found to affect counselling process. Clients were found to be confident in the ability of younger counsellors. Experience increases with age and counsellor improves with experience. Generally, female clients prefer to discuss emotionally loaded problems with female counsellors. Sex of the counsellor is important depending on the clients ease or difficulty with which they can discuss their problem to same or opposite sex.
Personality Characteristics: N.T.T. nursery teacher training have suggested the following traits:
(a) Interest in Holding People: If the counsellor has a basic interest in helping others the clients will feel more comfortable in their presence and this willvalues and expose it goal.
(b) Accept Willingness to set experience of each:Thus the counsel individual and underclearly and con to participate with what the facilitate Rapt the counsel is establishedwere found to be confident in the ability or younger counsellors. Experience increases with age and counsellor improves with experience. Generally, female clients prefer to discuss emotionally loaded problems with female counsellors. Sex of the counsellor is important depending on the clients ease or difficulty with which they can discuss their problem to same or opposite sex.
(c) Personal Security:Weitz (1957) suggests that the feeling of security of a counsellor is a very important factor in effective counselling even though insecurities outside this area and other life situations is rather not that important as far as effectiveness is concerned.
(d) Genuineness: Rogers (1958) suggest that counsellors should be able to establish a genuine relationship with the client to achieve the counselling goals to be the best.