- Higher Knowledge of the Subject: A teacher should be master of the subject which he teaches. In other words, he should have a thorough knowledge of the subject which he teaches to his students. If he has thorough knowledge, he can teach his students well. If he has a shallow knowledge, he cannot answer the questions put to him by his students and cannot teach well. If a teacher has no thorough knowledge, he has to cut a sorry figure in the class and he does not get due respect from his students.
- Intelligent and Thinker: A teacher should also be intelligent and thinker. It is not sufficient that he holds a higher academic qualifications but they may not be able to teach well, if they are not intelligent. An intelligent teacher can reply to the queries of the student ex-tempore. He can also mould the students according to his will and can deal with them suitably.
- Knowledge of Psychology: According to Teacher Training Institute if a teacher knows the nature of his students, he can be successful to a larger extent.It is, therefore, necessary that a teacher should know psychology. He should know the general psychology child-psychology, education-psychology and other concerned psychologies. According to Plato, a good teacher must know the pupil’s nature. In other words, he tells that a teacher should have the knowledge of psychology.
Madam Montessori says that the more a teacher knows of experimental psychology, the more he knows how to teach. So, a teacher should have the knowledge of psychology.
- Knowledge of Child-Nature: A good teacher should know the original tendencies, desires, aptitudes, necessities, emotions, etc. of the children. In other words, John Adams says that “To teach John Latin the teacher must know John as well as Latin,”
- Knowledge of Culture and Civilization: A teacher should also know the social and cultural environment. He should have a thorough knowledge of the past civilization and culture of the society in which he and the students live. If he knows the culture and civilization, he can apprise his students of these things and can make them think about the past glory. The students can then try to reach that culture and civilization and excel it. If a teacher does not know his past culture and civilization. When we know of our past culture and civilization we try to cultured and civilized.
- Class-manners: Children generally learn by imitation in the beginning. They do not know class manners. They learn them by and by beginning..They learn them by and by their teachers and other elderly people who come in their contact. The children treat their teacher as their ideal. They try to learn many things from the teacher. So. It is very necessary for a teacher that he should know class-manners and should behave properly. Early Childhood Education suggest that teachers should come to the class in proper dress; they should sit in their seat properly and teach properly. They should not exhibit any bad habit in the classroom, they should not spit or smoke or chew betels in the classroom.